5月10日大学英语四级考试辅导讲座笔记整理
发布人:admin  发布时间:2017-05-11   浏览次数:16

    5月10日,我部邀请文都学校教学名师谭剑波老师在诚意楼02阶梯教室进行了一场大学英语四级考试写作辅导报告,全场300余名学生和10余名大学英语教师秩序井然,凝神静气听完了谭剑波老师长达140分钟的讲座。老师和学生一致认为,谭剑波老师的的讲座实用性强、针对性强、指导性强。我们将老师们的听课笔记整理如下,让未能光临讲座现场的学生一同受益。  

  

第一讲四六级写作形式与核心词汇

四六级写作形式

一、字数:

四级140-160,六级:180个单词左右

二、段落:

3段,第一段简短,第二段长,为文章主体,第三段短、

三、卷面:

clear(涂改在3处及以下)clean(低级错误在5处以下)

四、避免低级语法错误:

1.主谓一致:

The number of students is 50..

A number of students are…

2.时态、语态

The number of A decreased by 3%.

强调客观事实用被动语态更好:

I strongly suggest that…

It’s strongly suggested that…

3.名词的数

mediummedia, datumdata, phenomenonphenomena

4.介词搭配

insist on

persist in

5.冠词运用: an, a, the,

the old, the rich, the poor

play/ perform an indispensable role

spend — dispend — dispensable

man — male —muscle —masculine

woman —female — feminine

6.单词拼写:

Separate: se- 分开,— sex

Part 部分,rate比例

for my part= from my perspective

四六级核心语法

1. 同位语从句:(第一段常用)

I told him a story that she divorced. (同位语从句,she divorced是个完整句子)

I told him a story that she had told me.(定语从句,she had told me不是完整句子)

同位语从句中that,只起连接作用,在从句中不做任何成分,可理解为“也就是”

定语从句中that,在从句中做一定成分,如该例中作told的直接宾语,可理解为“的”。

2. as, which 引导的非限定性从句:(第一段常用)

As is known to us all, China is great.

China is great, as is known to us all.

As引导的非限定性从句可以在主句之前也,可以在主句之后,但是which引导的非限定性从句只能在主句之后。

China is great,which is known to us all.

3. 虚拟语气:(第三段常用)

It’s (high) time thatwe should take urgent measures.

……………………………. we took urgent measures.

It’s (high) time that表达早该…,含有责备,埋怨、悔恨等含义,所以有一般过去式。

4. 倒装:(第三段常用)

Only in this way can we address the problem.

Only by doing so can the problem be addressed.

5. 独立主格结构:

Tangible(谭剑波) is teaching, looking at his students, with a bird flying in the classroom. with+ n. +doing sth.

With the development of society… 可写为 With the society developing…

With the increase of competition...可写为 With the competition increasing…

或者With the society becoming competitive…


四六级写作最核心的表达:(词汇量不等于写作词汇)

1. 连接词(一、二、三,但是,所以,因为)

顺序:In the first /next/last place(有依次下降的感觉)

顺序:to begin with, more importantly, most importantly(有渐次提高的感觉)

但是:but, however, nevertheless, nonetheless

所以:so, therefore, It follows that+句子 (由此可见…)

因为:because, in that, due to(介词短语) owing to(介词短语)

Due to the fact that…

Owing to the truth that…

2. 第一段核心词汇:

生动形象地:Vividly, graphically…

图画:picture, cartoon, drawing …

图表:chart, graph …

反映:reflect, mirror

重要性:importance, significance, necessity

重视:attach importance to

危害:harm, negative influence,

微妙的影响:subtle influence

发人深思的:thought-provoking

关注/忽略:pay close/closer/ little/no /less attention to

忽略:ignore(故意忽略) / neglect(无意中忽视)

越来越多: an increasing number of…/ a growing number of…


第二段核心词汇:

现象背后的原因:Reasons behind the phenomenon are as follows.

不可见:invisible

不可摸的:intangible

随着科技的发展:With the information and technology developing rapidly…(独立主格结构)

竞争的加剧:

扮演重要角色:perform/play an indispensable role

决定性的要素之一:one of the decisive factors

解释现象的原因:

the invisible reasons that account for the phenomenon….

: the invisible reasons accounting for the phenomenon….

积极的:positive

负面的:negative

我认为:for my part, from my perspective, in my eyes, in my opinion….


第三段核心词汇:

相关部门:

the department (that is) concerned (that is可以省略,变成分词做后置定语)

紧急举措:

Take urgent /immediate moves/ measures/actions/ steps

规章制度: rules and regulations

立法:legislation

解决问题:address/ solve the problem

增强意识:enhance the awareness/ consciousness to do sth.

(记录及整理人:郭良英)  


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